The Best Gentleman's Relish (Patum Peperium) Recipe - Larder Love (2024)


Rich and savoury Gentleman’s Relish is is a paste made from anchovies. It’s a great British spread to serve on toast or add into cooking recipes. A bit like Marmite, love it or hate it, this old fashioned gentleman’s relish recipe is a classic.

The Best Gentleman's Relish (Patum Peperium) Recipe - Larder Love (1)

What is Gentleman’s Relish

As I’ve said this is very much a British spread. It is also known as Patum Peperium and was first created in 1828 by an Englishman called John Osborn. He even won prizes at Parisian food shows for his spread and it was marketed for gentlemen of some standing.

Gentleman’s relish is a spread made with anchovies, butter, herbs and spices. Actually, the company that makes and sells Gentleman’s Relish since 1971 (Elsenham Quality Foods) keeps the recipe a closely guarded secret.

The inspiration for this recipe

The other day I came across one of the little pots that Gentleman’s Relish traditionally comes in. My Mum used to give both my Dad and my husband a little tub of this tasty paste every year at Christmas.

When you buy it in the fancy ceramic pots it’s a bit of a treat, something special.

Those little pots are collector’s items so it only seemed right to put some of my homemade Gentleman’s Relish into one of the pots that had been given to my Dad oh so many years ago. It brought back so many memories of Christmas in years gone by.

The Best Gentleman's Relish (Patum Peperium) Recipe - Larder Love (2)

Ingredients for traditional Gentleman’s Relish

Anchovies are the star of the show here. I used two little cans of anchovies in oil. You could use the ones that come in a little jar as well of course. Don’t go for anything that has added flavours like chilli.

Butter is your binding agent here. It brings everything together and makes this spread rich and creamy. Actually, you could say that Gentleman’s Relish is really a sort of flavoured butter rather than a type of spread.

Those all-important spices. While the actual recipe for commercial gentleman relish is a secret we can take a pretty good guess at those spices; mace, cinnamon, white pepper and ginger.

The other ingredients I’ve used are capers and lemon just pack in even more flavour to this tasty spread.

How to make Gentleman’s Relilsh

Quite honestly this recipe for Gentleman’s Relish couldn’t be easier. You want to heat the spices first to really ramp up their flavours, this will take you less than a minute.

Then it’s all about melting butter and whizzing the other ingredients into a paste then mixing it all together.

The complete list of ingredients and full instructions for making this recipe can be found on the printable recipe card at the bottom of this post.

The Best Gentleman's Relish (Patum Peperium) Recipe - Larder Love (3)

Recipe notes

I got two small 150ml jars of Gentleman’s Relish from this recipe.

If you want to make bigger quantities of the spread (it would make a great foodie gift for Christmas) just multiply the recipe to suit what you need.

You can use Cayenne Pepper instead of white pepper in the recipe. I like the taste of white pepper here as it is softer than cayenne but still packs a punch in the flavour department.

How long will this keep?

Homemade Gentleman’s Relish keeps well in the fridge for up to a month once opened and you can freeze it too for up to 3 months.

The Best Gentleman's Relish (Patum Peperium) Recipe - Larder Love (4)

How to use this anchovy relish

Don’t just think of Gentleman’s Relish as something old guys in a posh club spread on their toast, far from it. While it does go extremely well spread thinly over unsalted butter on a nice slice of toast it can also be used in other ways.

You can add a little relish into scrambled eggs or even give a Bloody Mary an even bigger flavour hit than usual.

Or I’ll add a little with butter (even though there is already butter in there, you can never have too much butter!) on top of a really good steak and let those flavours seep into the meat.

Finally, serve it is lightly spread under the cheese on a really good toastie.

In cooking

Think of this anchovy butter as an ingredient for making other dishes sing with flavour. Have you ever used anchovies in your cooking? Think of Spaghetti puttanesca, that rich and robust Italian dish of tomatoes, peppers, garlic, chilli and anchovies.

Although being a member of the fish family anchovies don’t actually taste fishy when you cook with them. They melt into your other ingredients and add depth and character to a dish without you even realising a fish had popped into the pan.

So you can use this Gentleman’s Relish in exactly the same way as you would for adding anchovies to your cooking.

I like to add some to minced (ground) beef in a cottage pie or lamb mince in a shepherd’s pie.

I’ve also used it in my Stuffed Peppers Puttanesca With Feta recipe and my Ratatouille Puttanesca.

Add half a teaspoon of this Patum Peperium relish to salad dressings, especially if you’re making a Caesar salad. Or stir some into your gravy instead of using salt. Remember, anchovies are salty little creatures.

This recipe makes a great foodie gift, so why not check out my post on how to make Christmas hampers.

The Best Gentleman's Relish (Patum Peperium) Recipe - Larder Love (5)

Looking for more spreads to make at home? Then check these out before you go;

Mediterranean smoked mackerel pate

English potted cheese

Pear walnut and blue cheese spread/dip

Fromage Fort (French-style potted cheese)

Vegetarian mixed nut pate

Finally, if you do try this recipe don’t forget to leave a comment/star rating below as I just love to hear from readers. Want more Larder Love? Then follow me on Instagram, Facebook, Pinterest and Twitter and sign up for my newsletter too of course.

Photos And Tips AboveMost of my recipes have step by step photos and useful tips plus videos too, see above.

The Best Gentleman's Relish (Patum Peperium) Recipe - Larder Love (6)

Gentleman’s Relish

Karon Grieve

A very traditional anchovy butter spread that is wonderful on toast and great for cooking too

4.91 from 21 votes

Print Recipe Comment Bookmark Pin Recipe

Prep Time 10 minutes mins

Cook Time 5 minutes mins

Total Time 15 minutes mins

Course appetisers

Cuisine British

Servings 20 servings

Calories 50 kcal


  • small pan, mini food processor


  • 100 g unsalted butter
  • 1/2 tsp ground mace
  • 1/2 tsp ground ginger
  • 1/2 tsp ground cinnamon
  • 1/2 tsp ground white pepper
  • 1/2 tsp vegetable oil
  • 100 g anchovies drained
  • 2 tsp capers drained
  • 1 lemon (zest and juice)

MetricUS Customary


  • Heat the spices in a dry pan for about 1 minute then remove from heat and add the vegetable oil to bring the spices together as a little paste

  • Add butter to the pan and let it melt into the spice paste and stir to combine

  • blitz the anchovies and capers in mini food processor along with the lemon juice and zest and add mixture to the pan with butter and spices and mix thoroughly

  • spoon into either one sterilised jar or two smaller jars

  • Put the jars in the fridge to set up. There will be a coating of butter on top once it sets, use a small spoon to stir this back through the spread.

  • This gentleman's relish will keep in the fridge for up to 2 months



You can use a mortar and pestle to grind up the anchovies and capers if you don’t have a food processor, or just mince them as small as possible with a small sharp knife.

I got 2 x 150g jars from this recipe and worked out the calories as there being 20 servings altogether from the jars. I use about 1 tbsp as a serving of Gentleman’s Relish.

This will keep in the fridge for up to a month once opened and will store in freezer for up to 3 months.


Calories: 50kcalCarbohydrates: 1gProtein: 2gFat: 5gSaturated Fat: 3gCholesterol: 15mgSodium: 190mgPotassium: 35mgFiber: 1gSugar: 1gVitamin A: 125IUVitamin C: 3mgCalcium: 14mgIron: 1mg

My Top Tips*Always read the full recipe first. *Assemble all your ingredients and everything you need before you start. *For baking check the size of tins I’m using as this makes a big difference to your cakes. * I use medium sized eggs unless otherwise stated. * I use extra virgin olive oil unless otherwise stated. * I use unsalted butter unless otherwise stated. * Check out My Preserving Kit!

Tried this recipe?Mention @LarderLove or tag #LarderLove

The Best Gentleman's Relish (Patum Peperium) Recipe - Larder Love (2024)


What is Gentleman's relish good for? ›

An intensely salty, umami-rich paste, Gentleman's Relish is a sort of anchovy and garlic butter that's more versatile than you might think. It's arguably at its best when simply spread on good bread, however, and here Charlie serves it alongside rich, creamy burrata.

What is the meaning of Patum Peperium? ›

It is also known as Patum Peperium (meaning 'pepper paste' in Latin). Created in 1828 by an Englishman named John Osborn, it is a savoury paste with a salty and slightly fishy taste, and contains salted anchovies (minimum 60%), butter, herbs and spices.

How to serve Patum Peperium? ›

Serve with scrambled eggs, toast, sandwiches and as a "kick" to savoury sauces!

What is the best way to eat gentleman's relish? ›

Opinions differ as to how and when you should eat Gentleman's Relish. According to the Ritz, breakfast is the time to enjoy its piquant flavour, preferably on thinly sliced, brown toast. I prefer to eat it for tea, on white toast with a little mustard and cress.

What does gentleman's relish taste like? ›

This classic condiment is a type of seasoned anchovy butter that is also known as Patum Peperium. The strong anchovy flavor is complemented by cayenne pepper and ground nutmeg, and fresh lemon juice cuts through both the butter and the anchovy to add just a little lightness to this intense compound butter.

How long does Gentleman's relish last? ›

Storage: Store in a cool, dry place. Once opened keep refrigerated and use within 4 weeks.

Why is it called gentleman's relish? ›

It is also known as Patum Peperium and was first created in 1828 by an Englishman called John Osborn. He even won prizes at Parisian food shows for his spread and it was marketed for gentlemen of some standing. Gentleman's relish is a spread made with anchovies, butter, herbs and spices.

Is Patum Peperium the gentleman's relish anchovy spread? ›

This spiced anchovy relish was created in 1828 from a blend of anchovies, butter, exotic herbs & spices. The classic recipe has remained a secret over the years, passed down through generations by word of mouth. Perfect spread on toast, crackers or blinis.

What kind of fish is in gentleman's relish? ›

Established in 1828 The gentleman's relish is a SECRET blend of ANCHOVIES and SPICES providing a sophisticated umami flavour for the perfectionists.

Where is Patum Peperium made? ›

This traditional Victorian spread is famous and secret! Even today the secret recipe is held by just one employee at Elsenham Quality Foods. Made of anchovies, butter, herbs and spices. It is salty and fishy and worth a go.

Is gentleman's relish nice? ›

It is addictive stuff; if it is to your tasting, like Marmite, you either love it or hate it. Gentleman's Relish is a cooking ingredient in its own right: the fish, salt and spices all provide a great seasoning to stews, especially lamb, and is great stirred into scrambled eggs.

Does relish have to be cooked? ›

Relishes are made from chopped fruits and/or vegetables cooked to a desired consistency in a spiced vinegar solution.

Where is Gentlemens relish from? ›

Enjoy a festive cheese board accompanied by this delicious gentlemen's relish. The spiced anchovy relish was first created in 1828 by an Englishman, John Osborn, and the distinctive, salty paste continues to be made in England to a closely guarded secret recipe.

What is poachers relish? ›

Product description

Patum Peperium Poachers Relish Smoked Salmon is a sandwich spread for the refined gentleman. Thinly spread it on hot, buttered toast to get the most of the popular unmistakable flavour. It's a great breakfast spread for those who prefer to start their day the classy way!

What is pineapple relish made of? ›

In a bowl, stir together pineapple, onion, lime zest and juice, mustard, and salt. Stir in enough pepper jelly to lightly bind mixture and make it glossy. Cover and refrigerate until lightly chilled, or up to 4 hours.

What is pepper relish made of? ›

The peppers are finely chopped in a food processor with some onion, then salted and strained of excess water. Finally, the mix is simmered in vinegar and sugar, giving it its relish tang.

What is relish made out of? ›

What Is Relish Made Of? There are three key ingredients in relish: produce (fruits, vegetables or a mixture), vinegar, and sugar. Additional ingredients are often added, including spices like mustard seed to make old-fashioned mustard pickle relish or mayonnaise to make crisp onion relish.


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